History F - J


Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Four-line autographed note signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Autographed note signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.25 x 9.0 inch, n.p., n.d. Letter of Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz addressed to the King. A letter written by the Count of Köstritz regarding the purchase of two pictures, where the dealers had pushed the prices higher and higher and Count Reuss had offered not only 6000. (écûs), but also „Cent Louis“ for each related frame. At the end of the letter the King added a fine four-line autographed note signed in French, in full: “je n’ai pas bessoin des Cadres j’en ai de reste, je ne pourai finir cette affaire qu’a mon retour de Silesie / Federic”. Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else fine condition. Letters in French usually signed as “Federic” and not “Frederic”, referring to some biographies the King had the opinion that “Federic” sounds better. Handwritten notes of Frederick II. are rare and highly desirable. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,620 / € 1.350

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed with full signature

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Friedrich”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.25 inch. Charlottenburg 1740 July 7. To the Count of Köstritz. In German, in full: “Höchstensgebohrener, besonders lieber getreuer. Durch gegenwärtiges anontieren Ich find die in seiner …nahme (?) vom 5. dieses gebothenen Vermißion (?), wäre den nachkommenden seines des Tribunal(s) neue Köpfe nach den hiesigen Thun zu können, und Ich bin übrigens Euer wohlaffectionierter König“. Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition and uncommon full signature. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed from the first Silesian war

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.5 inch. Au Quartier General Otmanchow, 1741 January 18. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: ”…vous comprenez bien vous meme, qu’il n’y a pas moin d’exemter entierement les terres de votre Pere, de toute marche et assistance, dans les conjonctures presents. Vous prendrez patience…” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Frederic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.25 inch. Neisse, 1742 July 1. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: ”Je vous accorde tres volontiers la permission, que vous me demander dans votre lettre de 12 du Mois passé, d'aller cher vous pour quelque tems, pendant les vacances prochain au Tribunal.” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed re: marriage of his close personal advisor

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.5 inch. Potsdam, 1743 May 11. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: ”…Je vous accorde non seulement La permission d’aller en hollande pour faire Votre marriage avec la Comtesse de Flodroff, mais aussi le Passeport pour exempter de la douane et des droits d’entrée Les effets de Votre promise…” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, stain, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.0 inch. Berlin, 1748 December 14. To the Count of Köstritz. In French, in parts: “... Vous étes touche des nouvelles preuves que je viens de vous donner de ma bonne volanté les aveux de votre reconnaissance et de votre sensibilite me sont une preuve de votre zele ...” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed during the siege of Prague

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”, aucàmp devant (field camp) Prague le 26 May 1757. Doublepage, verge paper, 7.5 x 9.0 inch. Letter in French: “Monsieur le còmte de Wrangel! Je Vous fais beaucoup de gré des sentimens que Vous avez bien voulu me témoigner par la lettre du 17e de ce Mois qui m'est parvenu et Je Vous remercie en même tems tres volontiers de la part obligeante que Vous me marquez de prendre à l'avantage que j'ay remporté icy sur les Autrichiens. Et sur ce je prie dieu qu'il vous ait, Monsieur le còmte de Wrangel, en fa fainte et digne garde." Mailing folds, otherwise fine condition. Letter was addressed to Major General Count Friedrich Ernst von Wrangel (1720-1805). The siege of Prague Friedrich apparently used to do his correspondence. However, the pleasure over the victory on May 6 towards the Austrians and the Duke of Lorraine was short. On June 18 the Prussian army suffered a heavy defeat at Kolin.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.0 inch. Potsdam, 1757 October 25. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: “Je vous accorde avec bien ou plaisir la permission que Vous demandes par votre lettre du 23 de mois, de pouvoir aller en Hollande pour arranger la succession qui Vous revient par la mort de feu votre beaupere le cote de Flodroff et Je vous laisse l'entiere liberte d'employer tout le tems qu'il Vous faudra pour faire les arrangemens que Vous ...” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, small stain, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed - written on the day of the peace of Hubertusburg

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p., 7.5 x 9.0 inch. Leipzig, 1763 February 15. To the Count of Köstritz regarding a request from Reuss and written on the day of the peace of Hubertusburg, on which Prussia and Austria ended the Seven Years War. In French: “…vous penetreréz aisement, que dans ces moments, où tant d’autres aiffaires de consequence m’occupent, Je ne saurois point me distraire par d’autres arrangements qui regardent l’interieur de Mon païs, ainsi qu’il faut que vous prenniéz patience puisqu’à ce que Je serai de retour à Berlin, et que J’aurai le loisir d’arranger tou ceci…” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, small hole, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Humorous letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.25 x 8.25 inch. Berlin 1764 January 17. To the Count of Köstritz. In French. Frederick expressed his thanks to the enlightenment about Bredow and Bär, who would like to become chamberlain. He would like to put them into service, or they can recommend themselves for higher tasks so that they do not laze around and lose themselves in frivolities. Handsomely matted in gray with a photograph of Frederick II. to an overall of 11.75 x 10.5 inch. Both items removable affixed with photo corners. Handling wear, lower left quarter of the first page is missing, else good condition and a beautiful display piece. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.25 x 9.0 inch. Potsdam, 1764 April 27. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: “C'est avec bien du plaisier que de vous accorde la permission, que vous me demandez par votre letter de 26 de ce mois, de vous rendre a Brandenbourg, pour y prendre possession de la prebende que vous avez acquise.” Mailing folds, handling wear, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Friedrich”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.0 inch. Berlin, 1764 August 18. To the Count of Köstritz regarding a receipt over “1.000. Stück Fried d'or” (currency) for Count v. Reuss (Quittung über 1.000. Stück Fried. d´or für den Grafen v. Reuss). In German: “Se.(ine) Königl. Majestät in Preußen haben allergnädigsten… bescheinigen Friedung den richtigen Empfang … jenigen für Tausend Stück neuen Friederichs d´or, so den Grafen v. Reuss zu höchst derselben … Gründen … abschließend Zeit.” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Friedrich”. 1p. (double-page), 7.25 x 9.0 inch. Potsdam, 1765 June 29. To the Count of Köstritz regarding travel arrangements. In German: “...Da die Chur Märkische Cammer wegen des erforderlichen Vorspannes zu Eurer und des Grafen v. Henckel auf derer 3. CammerHerren Reise nach Magdeburg wegen des dazu zu besorgenden Vorspanns beordert ist… Als habt Ihr mit derselben des weitern deshalb wegen derer Relais sowohl als wegen des Tages der eigentlichen Abreise von Berlin zu concertiren.” Mailing folds, slightly discolored, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Letter signed

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.25 x 9.0 inch. Potsdam, 1775 June 24. To the Count of Köstritz. In French: “Je vous par votre rapport de 23 de ce mois le deces de Baron de Pöttnitz c'est un chambellan deplus au Diable.” Mailing folds, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Frederick II. – The Great (1712-1786)

Condolence letter signed to the wife of his close personal advisor

King of Prussia from 1740 until his death. His political prowess and enlightened attitudes toward religion, learning, and the humanities earned him the sobriquet “Frederick the Great”. Letter signed “Federic”. 1p. (double-page), 7.5 x 9.25 inch. Potsdam, 1780 September 17. To Countess Reuss after Count Reuss's death a Condolence letter to his widow. In French: “La perte, que vous venez d’essayer… Me touche de très près, et Me cause bien de peine; Je souhaite que la part, que J’y prends puisse contribuer à vous soulager dans cette affliction, et vous engager à supporter avec la resignation nécessaire un évenement sans doute non moins douloureux que triste pour vous et votre Famille….” Mailing folds, handling wear, else good condition. Henry IX. Reuss, Count of Köstritz (1711-1780) earned a degree in Law and Political Sciences. Through his family connections he met with the future King Frederick II. of Prussia. From 1762 to 1769, he was Royal Prussian Postmaster General and Chief of the postal system. He later rose to become directing minister, top civil servant and close personal advisor to Frederick the Great.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Garibaldi, Giuseppe (1807-1882)

Autographed letter signed

Italian general, politician and nationalist who played a large role in the history of Italy and considered one of the greatest generals of modern times. Autographed letter signed “G. Garibaldi”. 1p., 8.0 x 10.0 inch, Caprera 1865 March 25. Addressed to Mr. James Howard. In English, in full: “I should most assuredly have replied to your letters if I had received them, for I shall never forget the kind welcome that I received at your magnificent establishment, and from your dear family. One of your ordinary ploughs I will accept with gratitude, but for a steam plough land would not be found suitable at Caprera. I therefore thank you and your fine workmen with all my heart for your generous offer. I prefer to address my letter to you in England, and I beg you to present my most affectionate wishes to your amiable family. I am – for life – your devotedly. I believe that we saluted the Ripon on your passage. Remember me kindly to Capt. Rogers when you see him.” Mailing folds, minor fold breaks expertly repaired, else good condition.

Price: $ 875 / € 675

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Gaulle, Charles de (1890-1970)

Typed letter signed

French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first president from 1959 to 1969. Fine typed letter signed “C.de Gaulle”. 1p., 8.25 x 10.5 inch, on his personal embossed “LE GÉNÉRAL DE GAULLE” letterhead. Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises, 1946, December 31. Signed in dark blue ink and addressed to Monsieur A. Boucher. De Gaulle sends his wishes for the New Year. The letter in French: “Les voeux que vous avez eu l’aimable pensée de m’adresser à l’occasion de l’année nouvelle me sont bien parvenus. Je vous remercie de cette attention à laquelle j’ai été vivement sensible. Croyez, Monsieur, à mes sentiments les meilleurs.” The original envelope is included. Mailing folds, handling wear, else fine condition.

Price: $ 780 / € 650

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Gorbachev, Mikhail (1931)

Rare autographed letter signed

General Secretary of the Soviet Union's Communist Party who instituted policies of government openness and restructuring. Rare autographed letter signed “M Gorbachev”. 1p., 8.5 x 11.0 inch, n.p., 1997 December 16. Written in blue ballpoint on his Gorbachev Foundation letterhead. In Russian, translated: “Dear Willy! I wish you much luck and successful days.” Handling wear, else fine condition. Gorbachev is very common in signed photographs, but that’s the first autographed letter signed by Gorbachev I have seen so far.

 

Price: $ 845 / € 650

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Göring, Hermann (1893-1946) + Göring, Emmy (1893-1973)

Photograph signed by both

German politician, military leader and leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Emmy Göring -German actress and the second wife of Luftwaffe Commander-in-Chief Hermann Göring. She served as Adolf Hitler's hostess at many state functions and thereby staked a claim to the title of "First Lady of the Third Reich". Signed photograph “Göring” by Herman Göring and additional signed “Emmy Göring” by Emmy Göring. Postcard photograph (Film, Foto Verlag, Berlin), 4.25 x 6.0 inch, n.p., n.d., black and white image of Arno Breker’s work “Berufung” (1941). Signed in dark ink by Hermann and Emmy Göring. Excellent condition, rare signed by both. Arno Breker (1900-1991) was a German architect and sculptor who is best known for his public works in Nazi Germany. Note: We reject Nazism in any form! Nevertheless we offer autographs of this kind, because it is an important part of the history of the 20th Century. To the extent applicable to those affected by German law, particularly § 86a StGB, historical and military items from or relating to the period and personalities of the German Third Reich are offered for only purposes of education and research regarding historical events and military history.  Clients who purchase such items agree that they will not use them for propaganda or other purposes that would be punishable under § 86a StGB.

Price: $ 1,365 / € 1.050

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Göring, Hermann (1893-1946)

Signed photograph

German politician, military leader and leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP). Signed photograph “Göring”. 4.25 x 6.0 inch, black and white photograph of Göring in uniform, signed in blue ink. Photo Hoffmann, Munich printed on verso. Fine condition. Note: We reject Nazism in any form! Nevertheless we offer autographs of this kind, because it is an important part of the history of the 20th Century. To the extent applicable to those affected by German law, particularly § 86a StGB, historical and military items from or relating to the period and personalities of the German Third Reich are offered for only purposes of education and research regarding historical events and military history.  Clients who purchase such items agree that they will not use them for propaganda or other purposes that would be punishable under § 86a StGB.

Price: $ 1,020 / € 850

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Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (1928-1967)

Very rare typed letter signed

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, military theorist and a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. Captured during a 1967 campaign in Bolivia, he was executed on the following day and instantly attained status as a martyr and one of the most revered and influential political revolutionaries of the 20th century. Rare typed letter signed “Che”. 1p., thin paper, 8.5 x 10.75 inch. Embossed “BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA LA HABANA, CUBA” letterhead. Havana (Cuba), 1960 December 31. Addressed to “Sr. Administrador del Central José Arechabala”. In this letter Che is discussing a difficult situation related to the Cuban currency and circulation. In Spanish (untranslated):”Senor: La extraordinaria salida de moneda fraccionaria de nuestras bóvedas nos obligó a tomar medidas para su distribución, con el ob jeto de frenar el atesoramiento de la misma port parte de elementos interesados en crear problemas a la circulación. No obstante, esta mos en el deber de informale que debemos defender las existencias que nos quedan hasta tanto sean recibidas las acunanciones ordena—das. En mérito a los principios de coordinación que require la defense de los intereses generals de la Nación, nos dirigimos a – usted para que se sirva disponer que las nóminas que deban pagar – las industrias de ese Consolidado, lo hagan por cantidades redon – das, acumulando las fracciones de centavos de cada pago para ser – liquidado en pesos, en la forma que estimen màs conveniente a su – contabilidad. El procedimiento expuesto nos daría tiempo para recibir las acunanciones solicitadas y con ello reseolver el problema. La muy valiosa labor que pueda usted realizar será el fac—tor determinante para obviar eficazmente la demanda de monedas di-visionaria para el pago de la nómina. En la seguridad de que habrá que cooperar con este Banco – considerando al mismo tiempo la urgencia en llegar a resultados positives, aprovechamos esta oportunidad para darle las gracias y quedar de usted.” Mailing folds, punch holes at top, stained. Text and signature dark. The letter is accompanied by the original mailing envelope. Anything signed by Che as President of the National Bank is rare and virtually not obtainable. Following the Cuban Revolution of the 1950s, the new authorities famously appointed Guevara as President of the National Bank of Cuba. Despite his status, the activist in him disliked his official governmental duties, leading him to sign letters such as this solely as “Che”.

Price: $ 2,535 / € 1.950

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Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (1928-1967)

Rare signed document

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, military theorist and a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. Captured during a 1967 campaign in Bolivia, he was executed on the following day and instantly attained status as a martyr and one of the most revered and influential political revolutionaries of the 20th century. Visually striking partly-printed document signed. In Spanish, signed with his usual small “che”. 1p, 15.75 x 12.0 inch, n.p., September 1962, Ministry of Industry Honorable Mention Certificate awarded to Arturo Benitez Navarro. Signed by Guevara as Minister of Industries. Uniform toning, small closed tear at the left edge, minor stains and probably slightly trimmed. Signature is strong and fine. Guevara was at the very top of Castro's government when this document was signed, serving as minister of industries and president of the Cuban National Bank. Despite his status, the activist in him disliked his official governmental duties, leading him to sign documents such as this solely as “Che”. A rare document!

Price: $ 2,145 / € 1.650

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Guillotin, Joseph-Ignace (1738-1814)

Rare signed document by the namesake of the French execution devices

A French physician who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution. Document signed “Guillotin”, 2pp, 7.25 x 12.0 inch, 1791 January 16. Document as President of the Health Committee of the National Assembly, requiring a return of information on medical personnel and facilities for the Department of the Rhone and Loire. In French, printed with a holograph postscript. Stains to lower third and associated wear to edges. This document was signed a little over a year after Guillotin had first suggested in the Assembly the use of the machine that came to bear his name, in October 1789, and a little over a year before the first such execution was carried out, in April 1792. As is well known, Guillotin himself opposed capital punishment and was greatly distressed that his name should become synonymous with a form of execution, the present document being more typical of the work for which he would have preferred to have been remembered. Guillotin had been appointed head of a special Health Committee within the National Assembly comprising thirty-four members, including seventeen physicians, in 1790. His committee proposed a nationwide public health organisation of arrondissement health councils, or boards of health, invested with their own power of policing medicine, pharmacy and public health, as well as proposing the establishment of a medical civil service; among the duties of these boards of health would be the prevention and control of epidemics, research into hygienic conditions, the preparation of medical topographies, care for the poor, maternal and child protection, mass inoculation campaigns and the gathering of statistics. Excellent and rare autograph.

Price: $ 1,875 / € 1.450

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Himmler, Heinrich (1900–1945)

Document signed - five months before the start of WW II.

Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS) and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany. Partly-printed document signed “H. Himmler”. 4pp., double-sheet, 8.25 x 11.5 inch, Berlin, 1939, April 11. The service record of SS Capt. Karl Heizmann who is recommended for a promotion to major. Boldly signed on the first page. File holes at left, else fine. Note: We reject Nazism in any form! Nevertheless we offer autographs of this kind, because it is an important part of the history of the 20th Century. To the extent applicable to those affected by German law, particularly § 86a StGB, historical and military items from or relating to the period and personalities of the German Third Reich are offered for only purposes of education and research regarding historical events and military history. Clients who purchase such items agree that they will not use them for propaganda or other purposes that would be punishable under § 86a StGB.

Price: $ 1,235 / € 950

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Hindenburg, Paul von (1847-1934)

Document signed

Prussian-German field marshal, statesman, and politician, he served as the second President of Germany from 1925 to 1934. Signed document „von Hindenburg”. 8.25 x 11.75 inch (double-page), Berlin 1932 April 9. Large blind-embossed eagle seal. Signed in dark black ink by Hindenburg as President of the German Reich and countersigned by finance minster Hermann Dietrich (1879-1954). Appointment as “Steuerrat” for Hugo Becker. Fine condition.

 

 

Price: $ 300 / € 250

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Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)

Fine document signed (co-signed by Werner v. Blomberg)

Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei - NSDAP). He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer (leader) of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Partly Printed Document Signed “Adolf Hitler”. 1p., 8.25 x 11.75 inch. Berlin, 1935 August 30. Countersigned by Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg (1878-1946), Nazi Minister of War and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, 1935-1938. In German. Hitler, acting “in the name of the Reich”, appoints Georg Klemm to be a major. Document bears a large blind-embossed Nazi eagle seal. Hitler and von Blomberg have signed with bold fountain pen. The document has the typical filing holes, otherwise excellent condition. Uncommon and rare signed document, especially in this fine condition. We reject Nazism in any form! Nevertheless we offer autographs of this kind, because it is an important part of the history of the 20th Century. To the extent applicable to those affected by German law, particularly § 86a StGB, historical and military items from or relating to the period and personalities of the German Third Reich are offered for only purposes of education and research regarding historical events and military history. Clients who purchase such items agree that they will not use them for propaganda or other purposes that would be punishable under § 86a StGB.

Price: $ 2,750 / € 2.125

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John Paul II., Pope (1920-2005)

Typed letter signed

Born Karol Józef Wojtyła. Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is widely known to Catholics as Saint John Paul the Great. Typed letter signed “+ Karol card. Wojtyla”. 1p., 8.25 x 11.75 inch. Krakow, 1968 June 21. On his personal “Karol Kardynal Wojtyla” stationery. Addressed to Dr. Maksymilian Kwasniewscy. In Polish, in full: “pragne podziekowac za podarowane dla domu arcybiskupiego pieknego biurka. Przykre sa okolicznosci jakie aklonily Panstwo do wyrzeczenia sie potrzebnego mebla - dla mnie radosny i cenny jest fakt, ze postanowiliscie Panstwo podarowac biurko dla potrzeb koscielnych. Jest to swiadectwo zyczliwosci dla Kosciola - dziekujy Panu Bogu za te zyczliwosc Panstwa. Przesylam serdeczne zyczenia blogoslawienstwa Bozego dla Panstwa i Ich Rodziny”. Translated: “I would like to thank you for the beautiful Archbishop's gifted home. The circumstances that you acclaimed to renounce the necessary furniture - it is a joy to me and it is very important that you decide to give a desk for the needs of the church. This is a testimony of kindness to the Church - thank God for the kindness of the State. I send cordial greetings of God's blessing to you and to your family“. Accompanied by the original mailing envelope. Mailing folds, handling wear, else good condition.

Price: $ 1,090 / € 875

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John Paul II., Pope (1920-2005)

Typed letter signed

Born Karol Józef Wojtyła. Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is widely known to Catholics as Saint John Paul the Great. Typed letter signed “+ Karol card. Wojtyla”. 1p., 8.25 x 11.75 inch. Krakow, 1975 October 4. On Metropolita Krakowski stationery. In Polish, in full: “Drogi Ksieze Janie! Otrzymalem teksty pytan i odpowiedzi w chwili wyjazdu na wizytacje. Pytania sa inteligentne, ale nazbyt 'ciekawe', ida za daleko. Odpowiedzi - z koniecznosci - dyplomatyczne, a wiec wymijajace z Polski nie sfinalizujemy tego. Mysle, ze jesli warto im 'dac wywiad', to juz podejmujac sprawy nieco gruntowniej. Moze zreszta sie myle. W kazdym razie bardzo dziekuje za propozycje i serdecznie pozdrawiam.” Translated: “Dear Prince Janie! I received questions and answers at the time of my visit. Questions are smart, but too 'interesting', too far. Responses - of necessity - diplomatic, and so evading from Poland we do not finalize this. I think if it is worth giving them an interview then they are already doing things a little bit more thoroughly. Maybe I'm wrong. Anyway thank you very much for the suggestions and cordially.” Mailing folds, paper clip impression, else good condition.

Price: $ 1,090 / € 875

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John Paul II., Pope (1920-2005)

Typed document signed - shortly before he was elected Pope

Born Karol Józef Wojtyła. Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is widely known to Catholics as Saint John Paul the Great. Typed document signed “+ Karol card. Wojtyla”. 1p., 8.25 x 6.0 inch. Krakow, 1978 June 10. On “Kuri Metropolitalna” letterhead, fine blind embossed seal at the bottom and signed shortly before he was elected Pope, his papacy began 1978, October 16. In Polish, in full: “Czcigodny Ksieze Proboszczu Uprzejmie zawiadamiam, ze Ks Adam Szostak na moje polecenie bedzie prowadzil rekolekcje wakacyjne Sluzby Liturgicznej w Waksmundzie od 3.8 do 19.08.1978.W zwiazku z tym prosze Ksiedza Proboszcza, by czas prowadzenia rekolekcji ni byl wliczany w urlop ksiedza rekolekcjonisty.” Translated: “Venerable Pastor I would like to inform you that Adam Adam Szostak will be conducting the holiday retreat of the Liturgical Service in Waksmundzie from August 3 to August 19, 1978. In connection with this, please visit the Rector's Office for the time of retreat.“ Mailing fold, else fine condition.

Price: $ 1,090 / € 875

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John Paul II., Pope (1920-2005)

Typed document signed - shortly before he was elected Pope

Born Karol Józef Wojtyła. Pope from 1978 to 2005. He is widely known to Catholics as Saint John Paul the Great. Typed document signed “+ Karol card. Wojtyla”. 1p., 8.25 x 6.0 inch. Krakow, 1978 June 10. On “Kuri Metropolitalna” letterhead, fine blind embossed seal at the bottom and signed shortly before he was elected Pope, his papacy began 1978, October 16. In Polish, in full: “Czcigodny Ksieze Proboszczu Uprzejmie zawiadamiam, ze Ks Andrzej Trzop na moje polecenie bedzie prowadzil rekolekcje wakacyjne Sluzby Liturgicznej w Krzeszowie od 3.8 do 19.08.1978.W zwiazku z tym prosze Ksiedza Proboszcza, by czas prowadzenia rekolekcji ni byl wliczany w urlop ksiedza rekolekcjonisty.” Translated: “Venerable Pastor I would like to inform you that Adam Adam Szostak will be conducting the holiday retreat of the Liturgical Service in Krzeszowie from August 3 to August 19, 1978. In connection with this, please visit the Rector's Office for the time of retreat.“ Mailing fold, else fine condition.

Price: $ 1,090 / € 875

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